When the fruit fly exclusion zone was withdrawn in Victoria and New South Wales in 2013, B. tryoni became endemic once again in this area and the national distribution of B. tryoni changed. Steiner traps baited with a lure and toxicant are also used to monitor the presence and control of the flies. This makes the pests difficult to control. Figure 13. A quarantine was established and an eradication program begun (CDFA 2010). Drew RAI, Courtice AC, Teakle DS. Businesses that produce meals, like catering companies, hotels, and nursing facilities, often have to deal with these pests. To the north of Luku, Dayiao and Qujing is the zone without the insect, where the Oriental fruit fly was not trapped and no fruits infested by the fly were found during the present study. The peak abundance of the oriental fruit fly took place from June in Jinghong to October in Yiaoan, along the altitude graduates from the south to the north. There are traps which can be used to detect the presence of fruit fly. Steiner trap used to monitor and control the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). In heavily infested areas, the fly can destroy up to 100 percent of cherry and other host plants if left uncontrolled. Larva (scientific description): The larva of the oriental fruit fly is quite similar to that of the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) (Berg 1979, Hardy and Adachi 1956, Pruitt 1953). Insects Micronesia (Honolulu) 14: 1-28. II. Additional infestations were detected in 2002 and 2004, and were eradicated in 2006 and 2007 respectively. View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. Oriental Fruit Fly Information. 2007. The developmental periods may be extended considerably by cool weather. The Geographic Distribution Map of C. capitata (Updated December 2013). 1989. A Review of Recorded Host Plants of Oriental Fruit Fly, Vargas RI, Leblanc L, Putoa R, Eitam A. Find the Z-score that corresponds to each life span. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 12: 1-161. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. It is native to large parts of tropical Asia, has become established over much of sub-Saharan Africa, and is often intercepted in the United States, sometimes triggering eradication programs. It was introduced into the Hawaiian Islands about 1945, apparently by U.S. military troops returning to the islands. Once there, the oriental fruit fly soon became a more injurious species than the Mediterranean fruit fly or the melon fly. Phillips VT. 1946. Distribution: Queensland fruit fly is a native pest occurring throughout eastern Australia. 1. Liquido NJ. 1985. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 26. The fruit fly occurred only during May to December in this area, and completed 2–3 generations in this period. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. In Florida, the FDACS-Division of Plant Industry will cooperate with USDA-APHIS in regulating the actions of both commercial entities and homeowners. As a result of their widespread distribution, pest status, invasive ability and potential impact on market access, B. dorsalis and many other fruit ﬂy species are considered major threats to many countries. Larvae of fruit flies. Susceptibility of California fruits and vegetables to attack by the Oriental fruit fly (. Schutze MK, Aketarawong N, Amornsak W, Armstrong KF, Augustinos AA, Barr N, Bo W, Bourtzis K, Boykin LM, Cáceres C, Cameron SL, Chapman TA, Chinvinijkul S, Chomic A, De Meyer M, Drosopoulou E, Englezou A, Ekesi S, Gariou-Papalexiou A, Geib SM, Hailstones D, Hasanuzzaman M, Haymer D, Hee AKW, Hendrichs J, Jessup A, Ji Q, Khamis FM, Krosch MN, Leblanc L, Mahmood K, Malacrida AR, Mavragani-Tsipidou P, Mwatawala M, Nishida R, Ono H, Reyes J, Rubinoff D, San Jose M, Shelly TE, Srikachar S, Tan KH, Thanaphum S, Haq I, Vijaysegaran S, Wee SL, Yesmin F, Zacharopoulou A, Clarke R. 2015. The Mexican fruit fly is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Nicaragua. Four major oriental fruit fly infestations in California were eradicated between 1960 and 1997. The posterior spiracles are located in the dorsal third of the segment as viewed from the rear of the larva. The only band of spinules encircling the body is found on the first segment. Figure 15. ... fruit fly complex which includes more than 68 species that are very closely related and difficult to identify. Figure 10. Pupation occurs in the soil. ( 2015 ). Head and buccal carinae of larva. Most fruits can be affected including peaches, oranges, apples, pears, tomatoes and capsicums. Several biotic factors limit the production and productivity of cucurbits, of which the cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cu-curbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), has been the most prominent pest. Hardy DE. Apparently, ripe fruit are preferred for oviposition, but immature ones may also be attacked. Figure 12. The biology and identification of trypetid larvae (Diptera: Trypetidae). South Brisbane, Australia. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Figure 6. suspensa. 2011), Pacific Islands: Mariana Islands, Tahiti, Hawaii. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in a papaya. Proceedings of the Entomology Society of Washington 51: 181-205. Wong TTY, McInnis DO, Nishimoto JI. (2016). *The project supported by Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan. Fighting Fruit Flies Regionally in Sub-Saharan Africa Fighting Fruit Flies Regionally in Sub-Saharan Africa Page 3 N°1, January 2011 Testimonies in various issues of this newsletter have high-lighted the destructive impact of the invasive fruit fly, Bac-trocera invadens, on fruit production and export in Eastern and Western Africa. In elevation, the Oriental fruit fly was trapped at altitude of 500–2300 m above sea level, in which high trap catches appeared between 500–1000 m. It is proposed that the variations of the fruit fly distribution in altitude and latitude are principally correlated with local temperatures and host plants. Abstract The Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a serious pest inaect for vegetables and fruits in Yunnan Province. Adult: The common fruit fly is normally a yellow brown (tan) color, and is only about 3 mm in length and 2 mm in width (Manning 1999, Patterson, et al 1943). Figure 4. 1969. The genus Bactrocera includes nearly 600 species, Adult: The adult, which is noticeably larger than a house fly, has a body length of about 8.0 mm; the wing is about 7.3 mm in length and is mostly hyaline. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Learn more. Bactrocera dorsalis was formerly known as Dacus dorsalis. Injury to fruit, as with other members of this genus of fruit flies, occurs through oviposition punctures and subsequent larval development. Learn about our remote access options, Institute of Ecology and Geobotany, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China. Anterior spiracle of larva. Adult female (center) and anterior spiracle of third instar larva (lower left). 20: 395-428. 1989. Impact of introduction of. Exotic fruit flies, including the Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis), carambola fruit fly (B. caramboloe) and Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens) are highly invasive species that threaten Australia’s fruit production as well as our ability to export to other countries. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a very destructive pest of fruit in areas where it occurs. 1983. As the common name, Ethiopian fruit fly, suggests, D. ciliatus is native to East Africa (Vayssières et al., 2008). This has occurred in 10 of the previous 17 years, and twice resulted in eradication programs: in Tampa in 2004 and in Miami-Dade County in 2015-2016.Â. Destructive invasive pests, attacking more than 40 different kinds of hosts of 48 hours Sacramento! 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